Archive for the ‘Civil War’ Category
New Hampshire Emancipates 18th-Century Slaves. A part of Portsmouth’s new African Burial Ground ceremony.
NY Times: Disunion: One of the North’s worries was the ability of Great Britain to build large dangerous ships. One, in particular, the Scorpion class, with more modern cannon turrets vs. the deck mounted rails for large ordnance, was stopped, though two were built and later used by the British Navy as shown in Wikipedia. One built and completed, the CSS Alabama, created havoc in the Atlantic until finally sunk by the USS Kearsarge, off the coast of Cherbourg, France, where some of the Confederates are buried. The Union compelled the designer/owner of what became known as the submarine "Alligator" to be used and ordered up the James River to Appomattox, though then lower water levels wouldn’t allow it to submerge, perhaps a possible fleet of them served as a warning to other nations. Reparations in Switzerland amounted to over $20 million, fined for the construction of the CSS Alabama I’ve read after the Civil War. The "Alligator" also sunk off of Cape Hatteras, NC, as did the USS Monitor, and is being searched for as part of the inventory of the more recent "Battle of the Atlantic".
My favorite memory of Antietam is of the cannon fired and the imagined line of smoking artillery on both sides. Some set fire to the woods to kill the enemy, burning them horrifically. I worked at Fort McHenry “National Shrine”, with a flint-knapper from Maryland. It had had its cannons pointed at the city of Baltimore “to discourage Southern sympathizers” rather than the harbor, Robert E. Lee’s reputed designed steam pile-driver had built the hexagonal Fort Carroll to protect the Baltimore harbor further out, today nearby the Francis Scott Key Bridge. The flint-knapper made “gun-flints” of grey chert from Texas for sale in the National Park, sold as replicas to discourage looting of the battlefield. For a time, Mr. Lee was commandant of West Point Military Academy and lived in a house archeology has tested in Fort Hamilton, Brooklyn, a street there named so. There’s a story that his son was a hostage in nearby Fort Lafayette, now an underwater site, dynamited for the eastern pier of the Verrazzano Bridge. NY Times Opionator “America’s Bloodiest Day”
My grandfather, a US Merchant Mariner, served on the USS General Buckner, a P2 troop carrier. The ship was cut in half in NJ and lengthened to take a full complement of US Marines. Buckner Bay was the first US occupation of Japan. A training area at West Point Military Academy is also named after him I saw on an archeology survey after Hurricane Floyd hit, toppling trees. He used to joke they ran out of admirals’ names and had to start naming them after generals. NY Times link
Abraham Lincoln, though he fought in the Blackhawk War is considered by many historians to be no great military general and had relied on the inexperienced. One thing I read was that Sherman changed the nature of "war" i.e., against property rather than people. One property he did not (perhaps) find, was the large powder mill about 30 miles outside Atlanta, erected from London, England Crystal Palace brochures, by a Hudson River foundry owner, perhaps tired of the contracts that all went to the West Point Foundry in Cold Spring, New York across the river from the US Military Academy. It’s where the patented R.P. Parrott rifled cannons were cast (6-pdr to 300-pdr) and figured significantly in range and destruction in the civil war. West Point Foundry is also cited as the first site of a "labor action" in a Federal facility, perhaps "federalized" once the war was declared said to have been run with clandestine iron-workers from Great Britain. It’s currently been archaeologically investigated, in part over NIKE missile battery contaminants, i.e., nickel, cadmium, in Foundry Cove next to Constitution Island.
Civil War | The New York Times