Archive for the ‘ecology’ Category
Stony Brook University did a long-term study of the use of concrete, a catalyst and coal ash which did not affect the soil it was in. Proposed was sea walls and other mediating structures. I read a woman in a private company had invented a mixing machine that incorporated small pieces of metal, based on stress and need, in the concrete as it was transported to the forms. The shapes were researched and appeared shaped like carabiners, different size and diameters, allowed concrete in new forms, now stronger than with rebar. Perhaps a stronger “slurry wall” would also be built, and the interface at bedrock, more secure than the flat-ends of a rebar cage. Law requires rebar to be cleaned, labor intensive, when reused for example in a bridge. There was a multiple machine that uses high pressure water to break, remove old concrete and clean the rebar using water pressure. Faster than by hand, the concrete is poured as part of this “train”, which however is very loud.
Histarch Subject: New Book by Cathy Spude
The University of Oklahoma Press has just published my new book, “That Fiend in Hell”: Soapy Smith in Legend. Soapy Smith’s story is well-known to people who like popular culture, and those who are familiar with Alaskan history. As an anthropologist, I show how his legend grew out of the myth of the American West to make him a character the likes of Jesse James, Billy the Kid, and Wyatt Earp. That Fiend in Hell is an expose of how historic events are interpreted even at the time of their occurance within the social mileau of a culture’s understanding of their own value system. See http://www.oupress.com/ECommerce/Book/Detail/1686/that%20fiend%20in%20hell for more information, or go to Amazon.com.
Catherine H. Spude, PhD
Congratulations! What a lot of work that must have been. I thought I heard of Soapy Smith perhaps in the stories of Colorado, of which “Myers Avenue: A Quick History of Cripple Creek’s Red Light District” by c) 1967 by Leland Feitz Library of Congress Catalog Card No 68-405 is one he might have been part of before leaving for Skagway, Alaska.
I enjoyed that summer 1980 out West through the ash of Mt. St. Helens on a Greyhound, a jet and then a small plane from Juneau to Skagway to work on Alaska’s first RR station and the Captain Moore Cabin. The airport there is better as seen in the recent Microsoft “Flight” a virtual Skagway geography along with the rest of Alaska and Hawaii.
I found this on Amazon and sent it to my Kindle, a scanned article from “Cassier’s Magazine” titled “Across the Chilkoot Pass by wire cable” from the Dyea tide and river side, found on microform in the Provincial Archives of British Columbia circa 1981 c) Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions. The funicular, “powered by rope or cable” was planned to go from Sheep Camp to Crater Lake, in contract, then “since” extended to a point known as Canyon Camp connecting with a surface road “running through the Dyea Canyon, and along the Dyea river, to the head of the tidewater thus making an uninterrupted transportation between Dyea and Crater Lake” “Later on” its author states “the cable system will, undoubtedly, be extended to Lake Linderman, the head of lake navigation”. (William Hewitt b. 1853 http://archive.org/details/cihm_15214)
It has many diagrams and pictures of its construction and how it developed. It shows a similar funicular system was used in New York state on “a wire rope tramway used by the Solvay Process Company at Syracuse, N.Y shows both wooden and iron supports”. I had the opportunity to ponder the Solvay location before they took the plant down. Interestingly the Solvay process of soda ash is named after a French sociologist! It’s reported a large amount of dynamite used in WWI was made there in the Split Rock quarries, and if the chemical fire, which ran out of water to control it, had jumped the creek, it would have leveled Syracuse with the disputed force of a small “atomic bomb” if the dynamite stored in small wooden barrels had caught fire. Albert Einstein disputed that in a letter, a researcher of the Solvay Plant had. The line had been “used for carrying lime rock from the Split Rock quarries to the soda ash works, at Geddes.” There are some problems with the scan however in getting some of the distances and numbers.
Scientists search for the explosive source of a disaster that wiped out almost a third of Londoners in 1258
theguardian | The Observer
A more recent one caused the “18 hundred and froze to death” 1816 in the northeast US and I’ve read Northern Europe. “Mechanics” those then employed in shipbuilding in Setauket, NY (about 100?) had to wear their winter coats in July. Crops didn’t grow in “the year without summer” from the atmospheric dust from the volcano explosion in Indonesia, then too. I think “middlemen” ports like Baltimore, MD profited by shipping needed comestibles north. Not sure if however, there was such a large effect on the population as this dramatic archaeology research shows. US populations were quite lower. On Long Island, where it’s reported 10,000 cords of wood were cut for the War 1812, it might have had effect, a primary source of heat then, coal wouldn’t show up until 1840 or so, though early expeditions were organized as far back as the days of Oliver Cromwell in Huntington, NY to look for coal to fire brick.
The other phenomena are seen after wind storms I think. It was reported by a French observer nearby the British Army’s “Fort Golgotha” in Huntington, NY on Long Island during the American Revolution, that the wind and cold had formed “snowrolls” that went uphill. Ironically “Queen’s Ranger” Benjamin Thompson, in charge, would later be known as Count Rumford and an expert on early thermal physics, among other European successes. The fort was built in a cemetery on a hill and was reported that some of the troops to have baked bread on some of the gravestones. It was plowed over later, and some small archaeology efforts done there, the official one, I assisted.
I’ve seen the “rolls” on-line in some of the candid pictures of Scotland in the winter, in what appear to be fairly flat fields, as shown in this photo.
Science “Of Ice and Men” aaas.org
Date: Sat, 12 May 2012 09:39:10 -0700
From: George Myers <georgejmyersjr@GMAIL.COM>
Subject: Re: Sub floor deposits – dust & taphonomy
I recall a Williamsburg, VA film that started with the occupants of a tavern in the 18th century, one drops a coin, which I think rolls toward the hearth and drops in a crack through the floor into the sub floor dirt and transitions to a modern excavation and revealing the coin with a trowel, which was a wonderful opening for the topic. Well yes but then the onion bottle of rum and cherries was also just as interesting excavated elsewhere.
I was at a sub floor excavation of the William Floyd Manor for the kitchen I think, which was required to make it safe before it was to be opened to the public. In the dirt swales between the wooden beams, a number of pins were recovered. Local legend has the British Army’s horses quartered in the manor house. William Floyd a prominent politician and the Long Island signer of the Declaration of Independence, and later General in the American Revolutionary Army in Upstate, NY, where he’s also interred, shouldn’t be confused with Long Island’s North Shore William LLoyd, a Tory who negotiated a hostage transfer. I found in the last resident’s garden a "William Lloyd" bottle seal, an unlikely "error". Dana Linck of the then Denver Service Center, US National Parks Service did the archeology, and he or they might have something on the sub floor deposits beneath the unlikely "horse-bearing" beams. – histarch comment
|Vertical Screen, Warminster, PA on former US Naval Weapons Lab, "brownfield" now "green" building site. In the business of personnel background checks for business, apparently 24/7.|